Finality of Prophethood | Online Library

Finality Of Prophethood – Views Of Scholars

  1. Hazrat Sayyad Abdul Karim Jilani has written:

‘The coming of the Law-bearing prophets, after the Holy Prophet, peace and blessings of Allah be upon him, has ceased as he has been exalted to be the ‘Khataman Nabiyyeen.’

[Al Insan ul Kamil Page 115]

  • Hazrat Imam Mohyuddin Ibne Arbi has written:

The Prophethood that terminated with the person of the Prophet of Allah, peace be on him and His blessings, was no other than the law-bearing prophethood not prophethood itself and this is the meaning of his ‘Verily apostleship and prophethood ceased with me. Therefore, there shall be after me neither an apostle nor a prophet i.e. there shall not be after me a prophet with a law other than mine but that he shall be subject to my law.”

             [Al Fatuhat ul Makiyya Vol 2 Page 3]

  • Hazrat Imam Muhyuddin Ibn Arabi Says:

“In so far as the law-bearing prophethood is concerned, it verily ceased and terminated in Muhammad, peace and blessings of Allah be upon him, and therefore has there is no law-giving prophet after him…. but Allah has in His graciousness to His servantis, continued general prophethood without the law-bearing elements.”

                                                                                                                                        [Fusus ul Hikam, Page 134-135]

  • Hazrat Imam Muhyuddin Ibn Arabi Says:

“Aal Ibrahim” are the prophets and messengers, and they are the people who came after Abraham like Isaac, Jacob, Joseph and those prophets and messengers from their progeny manifest Laws. This signifies the fact that in the sight of God they had prophethood. The Holy Prophet, peace and blessings of Allah be upon him, intended that followers who are from among those who followed him should achieve the rank of prophethood, though they would not be law-bearing. But he kept for them a type of Shariat from his own Shariat. Therefore, he said: Say – O Allah exalt Muhammad and his Aal by bestowing mercy upon them as Thou conferred prophethood upon the Aal of Ibrahim thus exalting Ibrahim. Consequently, they had prophethood with Shariat. And Thou has decreed that there would be no Shariat after me. Hence, shower Mercy upon me and upon my Aal – i.e. Confer upon them the rank of prophethood from Thyself, notwithstanding that they would not bring any Shariat. The height of Muhammad’s exaltedness is expressed by the fact that through invoking prayers for him he raised his own progeny to the level of prophets and he was granted the superiority over Hazrat Ibrahim through the fact that the Law he brought should never be abrogated.

  [AlFatuhat alMakkiyya, Page 177-178]

  • Hazrat Imam Abdul Wahab Sha’rani says:

“Let it be known that the order of prophethood has not totally ceased; it is the law – bearing prophethood which has discontinued.” Then while explaining the Hadith LA NABIYYA BA’DI and LAA RASOOLA BA’DI expounded that there shall be no law-bearing prophet after him.

         [Alyawaqit Wal Jewahir Vol.2, Page:39]

  • Allama Abul Fadhl Shihabuddin Assayyad Mahmud says in his commentary on the Holy Quran:

The tradition, that there is no revelation after me is absurd. The notion that Gabriel will not descend to the earth after the demise of the Holy Prophet, peace and blessings of Allah be upon him, has no foundation at all ….. Most probably what is meant by the negation of revelation regarding Isa, peace be on him, after his descent is the revelation of the Law, but what has been described, is the revelation without the Law.

       [Rooh Ulmaani Vol 21, Page 41]

  • Hazrat Imam Mulla Ali Qari says:

“Had Ibrahim lived and become a prophet, and likewise had Umar become a prophet they would be follower prophets of the Holy Prophet, peace and blessings of Allah be upon him, like Isa, Khizar and Ilyas upon whom all be peace. It does not contradict the divine word ‘KhatamunNabiyyeen’ which means that there shall not be a prophet abrogating his law nor one who was not of his followers.

     [Al Asrar alMarfuah fil Akhbar alMauzuah, Page 192]

  • Hazrat Shah Waliullah, Muhaddith of Delhi, acclaimed as the Reformer of the 12th century of Islam, has stated in his book TAFHEEMAT ILAHIYYAH:

“The cessation of prophethood with the Holy Prophet peace and blessings of Allah be upon him, means that there can be no divinely inspired reformer after him who would be commissioned with a new law by Allah, the Glorious, with a new law.

 [Tafheemat e Ilahiyya Part 2, Page 85]

  • Renowned sufi saint Hadhrat Abu Abdullah Muhammad bin Ali Hussain Al- Tirmidhi says:

According to us, it means that prophethood manifested itself in its full and complete manner in the Holy Prophet, peace and blessings of Allah be upon him. His heart became a vessel for the complete perfection of prophethood and then his heart was sealed. How can the glory and superiority of Muhammad, peace and blessings of Allah be upon him, be manifested if we claim that he was the last to appear in the world. This is, no doubt, an interpretation of the foolish and the ignorant.

    [Kitab Khatm ul Auliya, Page 341]

  1. Hazrat Maulana Rumi says:

“The Holy Prophet, peace and blessings of Allah be upon him was the Khatam because no one had ever been like him, before, nor shall there be one after him. When an artist excels others in art, do not say “The art has ended with you.”

[Miftah ul Ulum Vol 15, Page 56-57]

  1. Maulana Rumi says:

Strive hard in the path of virtue in a manner so that you may be blessed with prophethood while you are still a follower.

 [Miftah ul Ulum, Vol: 13, Page: 98,152]

  1. The famous and well-known religious leader of the Ahl-e-Hadith, Nawab Siddiq Hassan Khan says:

“The Hadith ‘There is no revelation after my demise’ has no foundation, although LA NABIYYA BA’DEE is quite correct, which, according to the men of letters, means that ‘There shall be no prophet after me who shall be raised with a new code of Law which abrogates my Law.’

     [Iqtrab ul Saat, Page 162]

  1. Hazrat Maulana Abul Hasanat Abdul Hayee says:

“After the demise of the Holy Prophet, peace and blessings of Allah be upon him, or even during his own lifetime, it is not an impossibility for someone to be exalted to the position of a simple prophet. But a prophet with a new Law is, indeed, forbidden.”

     [Dafe alWasawis fi Athar ibn Abbas, Page 16]

  1. Maulana Muhammad Qasim of Nanauta states:

According to the layman the Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings on him, being the KHATAM (seal), is supposed to have appeared after all the previous prophets. But men of understanding and the wise know it very well that being the first or the last, chronologically, does not carry any weight. How could, therefore, the words of the Holy Qura’n: ”But he is the Messenger of Allah and the seal of the Prophets” (33:41) glorify him? But I know very well that none from among the Muslims would be prepared to agree with the common men.

     [Tahzir ul Naas, Page 4-5]

He states further: If we accept this view it shall not at all contravene his finality, even though someone in the future does rise to the high status of prophethood.

       [Tahzir ul Naas, Page 34]

Source: Beacon of Truth (https://www.alislam.org/library/books/Beacon-of-Truth.pdf)

  1. Hazrat Sheikh Ahmad Farooqi:

‘The rising of prophets after the Khatamar Rasul Hazrat Muhammad, the Chosen One, peace and blessings be upon him, from among his own followers and as a heritage, does not in any way run counter to his status as the Khatamar Rasul. Therefore, O reader, do not be among those who doubt.’

   [Maktubat Imam Rabbani, Hazrat Mujaddid Alf Thani]

  • Hazrat Imam Mohiyyiud Din ibni Arabi:

‘From the study and contemplation of the Darud we have arrived at the definite conclusion that there shall, from among the Muslims, certainly be persons whose status, in the matter of prophethood, shall advance to the level of prophets, if Allah pleases. But they shall not be given any book of law.’

     [Fatuhati Makiyyah: Vol 1. Page 545]

  • Hazrat Imam Abu Ja’far Sadiq:

‘Hazrat Abu Ja’far, while discussing the Quranic verse: “For verily We granted the Book to the children of Abraham…,” said that God vouchsafed to the children of Abraham, Messengers, Prophets and Imams. But what is ironical is that people believe in what God blessed the children of Abraham with and yet they deny this blessing for the progeny of Muhammad.’

 [Al-Saafi Sharah Asool Al-Kaafi, Part 3, Pg. 119]

  • Hazrat Imam Abdul Wahhab She’raani:

…prophethood has not been abolished and it is only law-bearing prophethood that is abolished. 

     [Al Yawaaqeetu Wal Jawaahir: Vol. 3, Pg. 35]

  • Hazrat Shah Wali Ullah

The Muhaddith of Dehli, Hazrat Shah Wali Ullah subscribed to this opinion and stated:

‘The meaning of the Holy Prophet being the Khataman Nabiyeen is that there shall not now appear a person whom God may appoint with a new Law for mankind, that is to say, there shall be no prophet who shall come with a new Law.’ 

   [Tafheemati Ilahiyyah, Pg. 53]

The Hakim ul Millat in fact gave credence to the opinion that prophets within the Ummah may arise when he stated:

‘There cannot be an independent prophet after the Holy Prophet, peace and blessings of Allah be upon him, who is not his follower and his adherent.’ 

[Al Khairul Katheer, Pg 111]

  • Hazrat Maulana Abul Hasanat Abul Hayee

Hazrat Maulana Abul Hasanat Abul Hayee, a distinguished scholar of the Sunni sect shared this opinion and stated: ‘After the demise of the Holy Prophet, peace and blessings of Allah be upon him, or even during his own lifetime, it is not an impossibility for someone to be exalted to the position of a simple prophet. But a prophet with a new Law is, indeed, forbidden.’ 

[Dafe ul Waswas, Pg 16]

  • Hazrat Mazhar Jan Janan Naqshabandi

‘No perfection, except the perfection of prophethood bearing Law has ended. With respect to the other beneficences of God Almighty, He is neither miserly nor niggardly.’ 

[Maqamati Mazhari, Pg 88]

  • Hazrat Sayyed Abdul Karim Jilani

Hazrat Sayyed Abdul Karim Jilani, the renowned mystic of the 8th century Hijra was of the opinion that: ‘The coming of the Law bearing prophets, after the Holy Prophet, peace and blessings on him, has ceased as he has been exalted to be the Khataman Nabiyeen because he brought with him such a perfect law as no other prophet had brought before him.’ 

[Al Insanul Kamil: Vol 1. Ch 36, Pg 68]

  • Hazrat Maulana Abdul Hayee Faranghi Mahal

Hazrat Maulana Faranghi Mahal, an eminent scholar of the Ahle Sunnat also discussed the significance of the expression Khatamae Nubuwwat and on behalf of the Sunni Scholars, he declared: ‘The divines of the Sunni sects believe in and expound the fact that in the course of the Ministry of the Holy Prophet, peace and blessings of Allah be upon him, there cannot appear a law bearing prophet and his prophethood extends to the end of days. A prophet who appears during his ministry shall necessarily be the follower of the Law of Muhammad.’ 

[Majmu’ah Fatawa: Vol. 1, Pg 144]

  1. Hazrat Maulana Jalal-ud-Din Room

The great saint, Hazrat Maulana Room (Rehmatullah Alaihi) writes: “Make such plans to perform righteousness in the way of God that you attain prophethood within the Ummat (religious community)” 

[Mathnavi Maulana Room, Daftar I, Pg. 53]

Source: https://www.alislam.org/articles/important-references-khatam-e-nabuwwat/